Michelle DeFreese

Moroccan Foreign Policy Pivots South

Morocco has recently signaled a renewed interest in building linkages with sub-Saharan Africa as it seeks to harness economic, cultural, and political ties. In the past year, King Mohamed VI has bid to re-join the African Union (AU), signed an agreement to build the Trans-African Pipeline agreement, announced new trade agreements with Tanzania and Rwanda,…

The Push for African Representation through UNSC Reform

Two competing visions for securing additional African membership seats on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) could shift the balance of power within the UN body to reflect today’s multi-polar world. To date, political divisions and opposing coalitions have blocked support for both the Ezulwini Consensus and the Annan Plan, which aim to increase African…

Where the African Union’s Sixth Region Falls Short

The building of a union of countries with varied interests, political structures, and cultural characteristics is a challenging endeavor. As seen in recent developments with the United Kingdom’s Brexit campaign from the European Union and similar movements in Europe, maintaining cohesion and adherence to supra-national entities is a messy affair. The African Union has similarly…

Visa Free by 2018? Africa’s Open Visa Policy

African citizens currently face some of the most stringent visa restrictions in the world. According to the Africa Visa Openness Index Report launched by the African Development Bank (AfDB), citizens of African countries require visas to travel to 55% of countries within the continent. Within the next two years, however, the implementation of a proposed…

Is Magufuli the Region’s Next Kagame?

In one of the most contentious elections in Tanzania’s post-colonial history, John Pombe Magufuli was elected as the nation’s fifth president in October 2015. His first 100 days in office bore witness to sweeping reforms, crackdowns on government over-expenditures, and austerity measures put in place to minimize the country’s ailing budget. Magufuli, nicknamed the “bulldozer“,…

New Fronts Emerge in Africa’s “Arc of Terrorism”

At the UN Security Council meeting in May 2013, the President of Togo, Faure Essozimna Gnassingé, warned of an arc of terrorism spreading across the continent from Mauritania to Nigeria extending into the Horn of Africa. Since 2013, the so-called arc has continued to spread, engulfing Burkina Faso and other states formerly on the periphery…

Facilitated Return: Resettlement and Repatriation in the Global Migration Crisis

As migrant laws and international conventions governing the treatment of asylum seekers come under greater scrutiny, long-term plans for the repatriation of refugees to African countries are being negotiated as a part of the solution to the global migration crisis. An unprecedented 60 million people are currently displaced, the greatest number in recorded history. What…

Moroccan Foreign Policy Pivots South

Morocco has recently signaled a renewed interest in building linkages with sub-Saharan Africa as it seeks to harness economic, cultural, and political ties. In the past year, King Mohamed VI has bid to re-join the African Union (AU), signed an agreement to build the Trans-African Pipeline agreement, announced new trade agreements with Tanzania and Rwanda,…

The Push for African Representation through UNSC Reform

Two competing visions for securing additional African membership seats on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) could shift the balance of power within the UN body to reflect today’s multi-polar world. To date, political divisions and opposing coalitions have blocked support for both the Ezulwini Consensus and the Annan Plan, which aim to increase African…

Where the African Union’s Sixth Region Falls Short

The building of a union of countries with varied interests, political structures, and cultural characteristics is a challenging endeavor. As seen in recent developments with the United Kingdom’s Brexit campaign from the European Union and similar movements in Europe, maintaining cohesion and adherence to supra-national entities is a messy affair. The African Union has similarly…

Visa Free by 2018? Africa’s Open Visa Policy

African citizens currently face some of the most stringent visa restrictions in the world. According to the Africa Visa Openness Index Report launched by the African Development Bank (AfDB), citizens of African countries require visas to travel to 55% of countries within the continent. Within the next two years, however, the implementation of a proposed…

Is Magufuli the Region’s Next Kagame?

In one of the most contentious elections in Tanzania’s post-colonial history, John Pombe Magufuli was elected as the nation’s fifth president in October 2015. His first 100 days in office bore witness to sweeping reforms, crackdowns on government over-expenditures, and austerity measures put in place to minimize the country’s ailing budget. Magufuli, nicknamed the “bulldozer“,…

New Fronts Emerge in Africa’s “Arc of Terrorism”

At the UN Security Council meeting in May 2013, the President of Togo, Faure Essozimna Gnassingé, warned of an arc of terrorism spreading across the continent from Mauritania to Nigeria extending into the Horn of Africa. Since 2013, the so-called arc has continued to spread, engulfing Burkina Faso and other states formerly on the periphery…

Facilitated Return: Resettlement and Repatriation in the Global Migration Crisis

As migrant laws and international conventions governing the treatment of asylum seekers come under greater scrutiny, long-term plans for the repatriation of refugees to African countries are being negotiated as a part of the solution to the global migration crisis. An unprecedented 60 million people are currently displaced, the greatest number in recorded history. What…