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Fellowship

Embrace, Don’t Disempower, the Office of Science and Technology Policy

Three months into Donald Trump’s presidency, the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), mandated by Congress to lend scientific insight and technological guidance to senior administration officials, stands disempowered. OSTP’s director, who doubles as the president’s senior science advisor, has yet to be appointed. Its cadre of experts in science, engineering, and…

Leading Through Engagement: How to Curb immigration in Africa and Around the World

Across the globe, millions of people are currently fleeing their home countries for reasons ranging from war to persecution to famine, prompting the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since 1945. This notably comes at a time when the majority of citizens from the United States and several European countries are averse to the idea of accepting…

Can Saudi Arabia Decrease Its Reliance on Foreign Defense Imports?

In 2016, the new deputy crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed Bin Salman, revealed his highly-anticipated Vision 2030 development plan. One of the Vision’s most ambitious goals is the increase in Saudi Arabia’s defense manufacturing to meet 50 percent of the country’s defense needs, up from only 3 percent currently. Although this goal is largely…

The New Fight For Human Rights: Last Barrier or Final Downfall

After the atrocities of the Second World War, human rights protections were established and given life through newly formed international organizations and treaties: the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR); the Geneva Conventions normalized and codified international human rights protections; and so began an era of substantial progress in international law…

Why Trudeau Is Not the Climate Champion the World Thinks He Is

Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau has been heralded as an environmentally progressive leader; however, his support for the Keystone XL pipeline is a black-mark on his liberal climate-conscious reputation. By championing the pipeline, he contradicts not only his environmental priorities but also his commitment to social justice. Compared to his predecessor, Trudeau certainly looks…

How Sectarianism Changed After the Arab Uprisings

Sectarianism has been used as a blanket explanation for all the Middle East’s ills, or completely dismissed as an epiphenomenon of more tangible struggles for territory and resources. But somewhere between these two positions lies a more nuanced approach that understands the historical roots of the Sunni-Shia rift and does not fall into the trap…

Saudi Arabia: Open for Business? A few changes the Kingdom could make to improve economic growth and attract investment

Saudi Arabia has spent billions of dollars investing in big, fancy projects in an attempt to diversify its economy and create more sustainable growth for future generations. The Red Sea Project, King Abdullah Economic City, “Knowledge City”, and King Abdullah Financial District are among those developments. Some of these projects, while bold and creative, are…

Fissile Materials Must Be Controlled

On September 14, 2017, the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC) hosted a panel with Japanese officials regarding the 47 metric tons of plutonium the Japanese government has stockpiled in the country. One of the panelists, a former US nuclear weapons designer, explained how, contrary to claims by the Japanese nuclear industry, this “civilian” plutonium (Pu-240)…

Deterrence Can Protect Our Critical Infrastructure from Cyberattack

A sophisticated computer virus swept through Ukraine in June, wreaking havoc on systems serving the private sector and shutting down critical civil infrastructure – locking several government ministries out of their files, forcing the closure of a metro system and an airport, affecting banks and ATMs, and blacking-out power stations – before spreading across the…

Why are European Countries Investing in Iran?

Post-sanctions, Iran may prove to be an emerging market for European Investors. On July 3, France’s biggest oil and gas company, Total, signed a multibillion-dollar deal to expand the development of Iran’s South Pars gas field, one of the largest in the world. This agreement is the first major oil and gas deal between a…

No One in the Wings: The Missing Successor to U.S. Leadership

In the wake of the G20 summit in Hamburg, the United States has continued to step back from its global leadership role of the past 70 years. The Trump administration’s America First policy has raised serious doubts as to the future of a liberal international order that depends on U.S. power. Unlike past predictions, today’s…

The Mental Health Crisis in Syria: A Major Gap in Humanitarian Medical Response

The civil war in Syria has led to a significant increase in the number of Syrians battling mental disorders. These include anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), and developmental problems. Humanitarian medical providers in Syria have had to scale up mental health care on an ad-hoc basis to cope with the large number of…