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Sub-Saharan Africa

The Hidden Ingredient in Chocolate: Africa’s Child Slaves

In West Africa, children are kidnapped and forced to work on cocoa plantations. This not only ends their childhoods, but also limits economic development. Consumers can promote West African development by promoting brands that do not use child labor.

Peaceful Polling: A Case for African Union Action in General Elections

2020 is an important election year for Africa, with citizens voting on important leadership questions in countries as diverse as Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Tanzania. Even as Somalia holds what will be the first election in fifty years, other states, notably Ethiopia and Burundi are already showing signs of an election season marred by violence.…

Are We Witnessing an African Spring?

Anti-Kagame protests are sweeping Rwanda just weeks before the 2024 general election. Taken in conjunction with movements in Uganda and Zimbabwe, Rwandan activism represents the latest iteration of a regional rejection of dictatorial rule.

Silencing the Guns: Promoting Sustained Peace in Africa

As the African Union recommits to “Silencing the Guns” in 2020, the most effective path forward for the organization is to build upon past peace agreements in CAR and South Sudan.

Book Review: Everything You Have Told Me is True

Everything You Have Told Me is True brings an updated in-country perspective to the shadowy role of Islamist militant group, al-Shabaab, in Somalia. From Mogadishu to London, and through interviews with refugees and terrorists alike, she explores al-Shabaab’s immense resilience, begging the question: is al-Shabaab here to stay?

Balancing Economic Development and Human Security in the Nile River Basin

As Ethiopia, Egypt, and Sudan continue negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, President Trump may soon be put in the position of deciding whether to favor water security or economic development in North-East Africa.

Ebola: Stubborn and Stigmatized

YPFP Fellowship Editor Danielle Preskitt spoke with Concern Worldwide's Kirk Prichard about the ongoing Ebola crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Considering Africa in the International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court has an important role to play in international criminal justice, but urgently needs reform to maintain credibility.

Embracing Multilateralism in the DRC Ebola Crisis

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo is a humanitarian crisis that could spread, made worse by DRC’s instability. The UN – supported by Member States – is best positioned to address this crisis.

Border Security in West Africa

Boko Haram in Nigeria, Haqqani Network in Pakistan, National Liberation Army in Venezuela, and Al Shabaab in Somalia - what regional similarity do they all share that allows their organizations to destabilize their regions? What major security issue must these countries address if they hope to finally defeat these organizations?

Understanding the DRC’s Presidential Elections

DRC election results show one of the greatest challenges for the international community, supporting a faltering democracy while expressing concern over potentially inaccurate election results.

Chinese Investment in Africa: A Blessing or A Curse?

The 21st Century has seen an explosion in the growth of Chinese foreign investment. The Middle Kingdom is spending billions of dollars internationally in an effort to gain geopolitical favor and clout among the international community. China’s foreign spending came to preeminence with the announcement of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a massive program…