Defense & Security

Echoes of Monroe: The Need for Soft Power in the Caribbean

As China’s influence in the Caribbean grows, the United States will need to use soft power to build on its relationship with the region and to compete with Chinese engagement.

Did North Korea Violate International Agreements?

Mixed signals from the Trump Administration raise questions about whether the US is willing to punish DPRK violation of UN Security Council resolutions.

Border Security in West Africa

Boko Haram in Nigeria, Haqqani Network in Pakistan, National Liberation Army in Venezuela, and Al Shabaab in Somalia - what regional similarity do they all share that allows their organizations to destabilize their regions? What major security issue must these countries address if they hope to finally defeat these organizations?

Can the U.S. Senate Reshape the Yemen War

As the Trump Administration has been unwilling to confront Saudi Arabia over Yemen, Congress should step in. The Senate has made the first move, but the House must follow suit to show the world US foreign policy is anchored in its human rights ideals.

If The Jones Act Is About National Security, Let’s Make It About National Security.

There are economic and national security arguments to be made for the Jones Act, but they're being made dishonestly.

Exploring the ‘What If?’ in Middle East Peace

Understanding the Middle East's cartography is key to resolving the region's contemporary conflicts. The King-Crane Commission explores this "alternative history."

A New Type of Money: Iran’s Hope to Bypass U.S. Sanctions

The US is struggling to adapt to the emerging digital market and cryptocurrencies. This creates potential security gaps which actors like Iran have the potential to exploit.

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons and Deterrence

The US should deploy nonstrategic nuclear weapons to close a perceived deterrence gap and work toward arms control agreements to prevent the kind of miscalculation that could lead to global thermonuclear war.

NATO’s Expanding Role in Cybersecurity

While NATO is developing partnerships with member states and through partnerships to bolster cyber defense capabilities, bureaucratic and security protocols hamper its effectiveness.

The Case for U.S. Disengagement in Yemen

In light of the changing nature of the US-Saudi alliance, the US should withdraw support for the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen, to alter incentive structures for further violence and help facilitate humanitarian relief.

Embracing Multilateralism in the DRC Ebola Crisis

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo is a humanitarian crisis that could spread, made worse by DRC’s instability. The UN – supported by Member States – is best positioned to address this crisis.

Iran in the Time of Maximal Compellence

The United States' strategy of maximal compellence against Iran is frustrating, but not yet compelling. To reduce the risk of war, the Trump administration needs to soften and broaden its approach.

Book Review: Why America Loses Wars

YPFP Fellow Stephan Delaney reviews "Why America Loses Wars," by noted military historian Dr. Donald Stoker.

ISIS Fighters Will Be Punished for Their Actions. Their Children Need Our Protection.

From repatriation, to direct services, to assurances from their home countries that they will be treated with dignity, the children of ISIS fighters can be one step closer to escaping their parents’ horrible choices with help from governments and the international community.

Finding Peace Between the Wickets: Cricket Diplomacy in India and Pakistan

Given their shared love of cricket, India and Pakistan should find a way for their respective leagues to collaborate in a bid to thaw relations, improve infrastructure, and reap financial gain.

Iran, Enrichment, and Arms Control

The NPT does not grant a right to enrich, as Iran claims. However, it does allow for verification-based access to nuclear power.

Foreign Aid Should Persuade, Not Coerce

The Trump administration has demonstrated a willingness to use foreign aid to coerce countries like El Savador into adopting favorable policies. But what are the long-term consequences of this approach?

Tariffs Won’t Stop Chinese Influence in Latin America

Sen. Rick Scott claims that tariffs on China can combat rising Chinese influence in Latin America but this would only serve to increase Chinese influence in the Americas.

Support the Troops: Invest in Civilian Power

Investment in civilian institutions can reinforce U.S. engagement, reinforcing a U.S. military that has been overstretched in recent years.

A Nuclear Global Zero is Not Yet Possible

Verified reduction and rigorous export controls are the only ways to concurrently keep nuclear weapons from proliferating, while reducing the global number of states with warheads and weapons down to a more manageable level.